research london college of fashion


Research at LCF thrives within the College’s unique specialist and transdisciplinary environment and is supported and resourced by dedicated research facilities such as the cosmetic science and digital laboratories, Fashion Space Gallery (FSG), world-class library and archive.

LCF hosts two world leading UAL Research Centres: for Fashion Curation and Sustainable Fashion; the Digital Anthropology Lab and seven Research Hubs including one that supports the activity of approximately 70 PhD students. Research spans practice and theory in design, performance, curation, artefact, psychology, cosmetic science, social science, sustainable and material practices, creative business and management, digital production and communication; film, media and cultural studies. In 2021 LCF is moving to the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park (QEOP) in Stratford, and is a co-founder of the Global Disability Innovation Hub, with Stratford East partners, UCL, Loughborough London, Sadlers’ Wells and the V&A.

As one of six UAL colleges, LCF contributed to the Research Excellence Framework (REF 2014), where UAL’s research was assessed as being 83% World Leading and international, is first in the Power ranking for Art and Design: History, Practice and Theory. LCF research feeds directly into the University of the Arts London Research Strategy.

Dr Jane Harris is the Associate Dean of Research at London College of Fashion.

Research study applications are administrated centrally by UAL Research.

Find out about PhD study and proposal development through LCF’s unique PhD Preparation short course.

Are you an international institution looking for research partners, or would like to visit as an international Fellow or PhD student? Visit our international partnerships and development section.

Faith & Fashion

Professor Reina Lewis brings together fashion designers and consumers, bloggers and journalists, educators and entrepreneurs, politicians and activists to discuss how religion relates to fashion.

Vestoj brings a cross-disciplinary approach to fashion, with regular contributors from both academia and industry reflecting on, and interpreting, current thinking and practice around ideas of fashion and its contribution to society. It is patroned by London College of Fashion where its founder, Anja Aronowsky Cronberg, is a research fellow.

Design Futures in SSA: Post-Western Perspectives is a network of pioneering technologists, curators and scholars from Ghana, Kenya, Senegal, South Africa and UK

Featured research staff

Claire Wilcox

Helen Storey

Amy de la Haye

Dilys Williams

LCF Research centres and hubs

This LCF research centre explores fashion and sustainability.

This LCF centre provides a platform for research, exhibitions, symposiums, workshops and publications.

The Digital Anthropology Lab at London College of Fashion, is a research studio bringing industry and academia together to develop a new way of making smarter with technology.

The Centre for Fashion Business and Innovation defines creative management, branding and enterprise practices relevant to niche business, alongside the global conglomerates.

Global Disability Innovation Hub aims to make a positive difference to the lives of disabled people and change the general perception of disability through design and innovation initiatives.

The Masculinities Research Hub brings together practitioners and theorists interested in all aspects of menswear and masculinities.

This centre, based at London College of Fashion, fosters research in the fields of fashion journalism, photography and digital media.

This centre explores current research into fashion and popular culture within the broader subject area of Cultural Studies.

This research hub is broad in its remit, with the aim of supporting and generating connections between researchers engaged with practice, from both the field of fashion design, costume, curation and the visual arts.

This hub offers a space for discussion on the topics of costume, scenography and performance at LCF and across UAL.

The hub explores human behaviour in the fashion and creative industries and the potential for improving quality of life through understanding psychological well-being.

This hub is a forum for postgraduate students who share an interest in fashion.

This hub gathers theorists and practitioners interested in the intricate interplay between the forces of global and local change in the fields of symbolic and material production and consumption of fashion.

LCF library

70,000 books on all aspects of the fashion industry from garment construction to cosmetic science.

These inspiring collections cover all aspects of fashion.

LCF’s Fashion Space Gallery is a contemporary exhibition space that engages with fashion, design and art.

Our repository for research outputs from UAL’s academics

Are you considering studying at LCF? Take our online survey

  • Telephone: +44 (0)20 7514 7400
  • Contact Us

20 John Prince’s Street

Connect with UAL:

© 2018 University of the Arts London. All Rights Reserved.


Our leading essay writing service

We Propose Greatest Custom Writing Service for the Papers<

Welcome to our fascinating and specific custom writing service which will support our customers to prevent the tedious procedure of writing the essays, thesis papers, analysis papers, dissertations and so on.
Our customers come back to us over and over simply because we’ve sufficient operating knowledge and exciting stuff.
Our service has been taking this niche of business for a lot of years now and we are continuously coaching our skills, searching for new writers and tinker with new modern methods of creating our function collectively only superior.

The number of our certified writers grows all the time but we retain operating only with professional writers who proved their capabilities and the ability to perform quick, effectively and professionally.
Our writers demonstrate wonderful sense of style, ability to perform swiftly, effectively with outstanding dedication.
It can be noticeable, that we’re competent editors. Our custom writing company has worked on a large number of papers. It truly is a large honor for us to work with buyers from unique corners in the planet.

Why Should certainly You Pay Your Income Our Custom Essay Writing Service

A fantastic essay preparation service initially of all need to have perfect top quality when it comes to word usage, because the latter are a sturdy weapon in modern society.
A well-made text is a tremendously highly effective thing which can inspire, motivate, and evoke specific feelings, give the trust and represent the information in the great form of custom writing order.
So, your paper becomes individual and quaint.
We are greater than sure that now our custom writing company is compelling, with skilled and smart authors, aware managers and chargeable team.

We can suggest every single individual to not worry and use our skilled service with all the level of sensible understanding of a theme, together with the great basis for proffer custom essay writing.
That is why our clients appreciate our organization and we usually work with high school, college and university tasks and assistance with online business projects too.Our service guaranties that all our writers have Masters Degree or Ph.D.

What Does Our Essay Writing Service Propose?

We exist to write in line with all our customers� needs in the right way, that is certainly why we try and strengthen our essay writing service day in and day out.
Now, we can recommend you:

  1. checking all orders for plagiarism quite a few times;
  2. well-worked privacy policy;
  3. money back guarantees, if the buyer is not happy or receives the paper soon after the deadline

To our mind, it is actually not possible to create your writing skills superior for those who have no time.
So, in case you couldn’t create an essay well earlier times you won�t do it completely following a single night.
We assume that the professional essay writing service and essay writing help grow to be your noble friend for studying term.
But a very good example of writing structure can help you to understand basic tips to comply with.
Composing a substantial paper requires enormous volume of time plus a large amount of efforts for essay writing help.

Our editors are able to make all clients’ claims, so you won’t spoil your time for paper writing.
Our writers are prepared to make all clients� demands; so you won�t waste your time on writing papers.Get it and stop considering your order till the deadline.

Do You Dream About Professional Book Reviews Produced Specifically For you?

Our writing service proposes the clients� professional book reviews which will bring you a higher grade for certain.
We put forward trade book evaluations or non-professional evaluations for folks who are fond of reading.
Those papers are necessary to show that the book is certainly well-conceived, compelling, principal characters are appealing and this piece of art shouldn�t be missed.

A great deal of students do not know how to write a book report but all complications are gone when our service starts operating.
It’s incredibly hard to start writing a book report. It is a form of art and you have to collect sufficient material to continue this function.
This signifies that there are actually quite a few guidelines you will need to take into account when the report is about the poem you have study, such terms as size, rhyme and so on.Some expert abilities in this field of science are critical and our writers are surely ones that have them.

Are you Asking yourself Exactly where to Buy Research Papers?

Be prepared, for anybody who is looking to identify only low-price services within the case of ordering research papers online then the quality amount of the tasks shall be correspondingly poor.
We understand that you will be studying and don�t have a significant spending budget, so we attempt to make all rates on the market and reasonable for both – you as a client and your writer as a worker.

Any time you desire to buy research papers then you should really realize that there are actually handful of essential points exist when the case issues analysis papers
Our writing service presents to write research paper essays for you. Thereby, writing the original, in contrast to other paper is expected for preparing high-quality writing that will get a high mark at your establishment.
As a consequence, writing the new and distinctive paper is needed for producing prepared top-notch writing that may outcome in a fantastic mark at your educational institution.

Our writing service presents to create research paper essays for you personally.
As a consequence, writing the new and exclusive paper is expected for creating ready top-notch writing that could outcome in a fantastic mark at your educational institution.

We are able to Help you with High-Quality College Coursework

The very first factor that desires to become mentioned is the fact that college coursework is amongst the most impacting tasks during you studies.
Be ready that this writing will need to fit following needs:

  • don�t apply school diploma operates to college papers
  • get all assignments at the college
  • make contact with with your teacher to produce confident you’ve got understood all needs highly nicely.

Indubitably, for those who do not have enough quantity of time for such sort of paper writing, you ought to ask a professional coursework service for support.

Additionally, we’re generally ready to propose by far the most appropriate particular person who could make his function rapid with intense precision.

And we desire to emphasize which you must make your order about English coursework thoughtfully, as a result of it�s a kind of writing which is usually crucial and grueling.
Do not overlook about all teachers� specifications, deadlines, checking and editing solutions and so on.
We will be tremendously glad to meet you once again with papers and assignments!

How to Write an Argumentative Essay 8

How to Write an Argumentative Essay

How to Write an Argumentative Essay

What is an argumentative essay? Essentially, it’s a form of persuasive writing that focuses on an area of contention. The writer of such an essay takes a particular stand, or position, on an issue and then uses persuasive techniques to outline why this position is correct or best. The writer must also consider opposing positions, providing evidence to refute them.

This argumentative essay definition will get you started, but to fully master the concept, as well as the writing process involved, you need a more nuanced definition. Let’s dive deeper!

Often, argumentative essay topics are controversial, which is one reason they are great for college students who are trying to expand their thinking. For example, the question of whether tobacco should be banned by law is highly contentious. Some believe that people should be allowed to use tobacco because it generates economic returns. Other people believe tobacco should be outlawed because it harbors chemicals that affect human health, contributing to chronic illnesses and cancer.

Because of the inherent controversy, writers of argumentative essays are sometimes considered rockstars. Such writers must know how to leverage the power of persuasion through logic, well-arranged thoughts, and a deep understanding of the topic (Purdue Education, 2015). In other words, a skilled argumentative essay writer should have the means to become an expert on a topic and be able to tackle it from different sides using studies and other evidence. He or she should take a clear position on one side of the argument, and that position should appear in a thesis statement. By becoming an expert on the topic, the writer can fully support the chosen position and refute any counterclaims.

So how do you write such an essay? An effective argumentative essay has many elements besides the writer’s stated position, and all must be logical and well organized. These elements include the following: reasons, evidence, counterarguments, and refutation.

Reasons are the author’s justifications. They primarily support the stated position and strive to give power to the author’s line of argument (Wood, 2001).

Evidence, on the other hand, refers to the data and facts that reflect the position under argument. Tangible quantified evidence will enhance the value of the essay because it influences the reader and ushers them to your line of argument.

The author’s argument is a combination of the thesis, the reasons, and the evidence. It presents the writer’s case for why his or her position is correct or best. With these in place, an argumentative essay writer should analyze opposing positions, or counterarguments.

The writer should not only describe the counterarguments but also state key reasons and evidence for why they’re wrong—in other words, a counterargument for the counterargument. This process is called refutation, and it helps to strengthen the writer’s position and show how contentious the topic is.

The argumentative essay structure is similar to that of other essays, but it has a few unique elements that you need to watch out for. Your essay should follow this outline:

Now that you know the basic argumentative essay template, as well as some of the specifics of writing such an essay, let’s discuss some topics you could write about and ways you can brainstorm new topics.

In fact, it’s often a good idea to come up with several potential topics in different areas and then choose the best one. You might explore topics in the areas of morality, technology, health care, the media, society, family structures, or even schools. For example, an argumentative essay on abortion could fall under the category of morality, health care, society, or family structures, depending on what you plan to argue. In the areas of technology or society, you could write about the impact or ethics of artificial intelligence.

Want some specifics? Following are some good example topics for an argumentative essay.

  • Should consumers buy goods and products made with child labor?
  • Should patients have the ability to apply for physician-assisted suicides? Here’s another way to phrase this: Should hospitals have the right to give patients euthanasia?
  • Are nude photos and monuments appropriate in public?
  • Are atheists less morally upright than theists?
  • Does pre-employment drug testing infringe on a person’s privacy and confidentiality?

  • Should depictions of sex be permitted on primetime TV?
  • Is it acceptable for organizations and companies to advertise to children?
  • Should movies and TV shows have the responsibility of being diverse?
  • Should advertisements for drugs and alcohol be permitted?

  • Should parents be allowed to spank children?
  • At what age should parents communicate or educate their children about sex?
  • Is the child’s room theirs or their parents’?
  • Should parents pay their children for good grades or not?

Creating the Argumentative Essay Graphic Organizer

For example, you can create a spreadsheet with your three main claims listed across the top row. Then, in the rows below each claim, you can list the evidence you plan to use. You can also list any opposing arguments, as well as your rebuttals.

But don’t spend too much time organizing your thoughts. Eventually, you need to start writing your argumentative essay! With your plan already created, writing the essay should be no problem.

After you’ve written the whole essay, you should go through it one last time to remove any mistakes and make any improvements you can. Doing so will ensure you get the best grade possible. While the exact rubric your teacher uses will vary, here’s a basic one that may help you see what’s expected in your essay. Use this example rubric to guide your editing process.

Both introduction and thesis are strong.

Details and examples are strong and well organized.

Conclusion is strong enough.

Grammar is correct.

  • Both introduction and thesis are strong.
  • Details and examples are strong and well organized.
  • Conclusion is strong enough.
  • Has some spelling and grammar errors.

  • Introduction is good, but the thesis is weak.
  • Examples used are weak.
  • Conclusion is weak.
  • Has major spelling and grammar errors.

  • Introduction and thesis are weak.
  • Details and examples are weak and somewhat unorganized.
  • Details or examples are few.
  • Does not have a conclusion.
  • Has serious spelling and grammar errors.

  • Does not contain a thesis, and introduction is weak.
  • Details and examples are weak and have no clear organization, or there are none at all.
  • Does not have a conclusion.
  • Has serious spelling and grammar errors.
  • Illegible.

If your teacher gave you a copy of the actual assignment’s rubric, make sure you read it carefully. Don’t be afraid to ask questions if you don’t understand something. The rubric should tell you exactly what your teacher is looking for in a good argumentative essay.

Throughout history, argumentative essays have acted as a platform for independent minds and thoughts. They offer writers the flexibility, freedom, and liberation to argue situations from their unique identities and reasoning capacities (Nash, 2001). In argumentative works, authors will argue from one position and strive to influence readers to subscribe to their line of reason and logic. More often than not, these works are viewed differently by different readers because they provoke social ideologies differently. Therefore, it seems that writing an argumentative essay serves to test the thinking capacity of people, as well as the ability of writers to analyze texts, materials, and sources in favor of their arguments.

With the above information at your disposal and a rubric in-hand, you should know how to write an argumentative essay that gets you the grade you want.

If you’re a little lost, that’s OK. Essay Service can help you with your argumentative essay. You can order a top-notch custom essay from us, and we’ll take care of everything, or you can just take advantage of our paper editing and rewriting services. Everything you need to get a fantastic grade is right at your fingertips. Not convinced you should buy from us yet? Our reviews will tell you everything you need to know about the quality of our service.

Share This Article

Through sweat, tears and the occasional blood – we toil over the assignment criteria of

An annotated bibliography defines an alphabetical list of citations to articles, book chapters, books, and

Types of Essays

Types of Academic Writing

Essay Writing Tips

Essay Writing Assistance

Read more about the services supplied by our essay writers.

What is Much better – Essay Writing by Your self or Using On-line Writing Service

How you can Write an Essay just like a Pro

Writing an essay isn�t a herculean task.The key in the direction of writing a brilliant essay is in understanding the essay topic.
There’s a major distinction between understanding and understanding.Just understanding the subject doesn�t imply that you understand every bit of detail the title encompasses.
Knowing doesn�t imply that you simply understand each depth represented within the topic. And comprehending the subject is a great part of understanding how to write an essay.
In the event you often get opinionated about each other topic to become unworthy of being created an essay on, it indicates that you�re not willing to research and get an in-depth understanding of it.

Pros use interesting and efficient tips on writing an essay.
If applied, these can make your essay more intriguing, apart from saving time and energy squandered in other directions fetching negligible or no outcomes.

  1. Be particular and stick with the flow.
  2. Maintain the link in between sentences.

In the end the objective when writing an essay would be to keep the audience or the reader interested even though they’ve to read through 1000’s of phrases

What’s an APA Essay Writing Style?

APA is a Type of the American Physiological Association. You might inquire why certain writing style was utilized.
This was simply because back again within the time there have been a lot of biasing in creating the language.
The solution lies in the query by itself.
An APA style paper is extensively used in the writing of scientific and healthcare books or journals.
This style suggests an easy image from the method of constructing a material such as scientist study or other paper.
The crux is it made readers very comfy in reading and referencing.
Some of the significant recommendations said by AMA on writing an APA essay are:

  • One inch margin should be offered to all sides of the paper, except the very first word of every paragraph must have a one and half inch spacing.
  • Occasions new Roman font of size twelve should be used.

This is not the whole list of essential guidelines that you could select. The APA writing style was developed in 1929 and differs by strong roots.
Many edits and corrections had been additional to latest publication manual ready by American Physiological Affiliation.

How to define the best Whenever you Buy Essays Online

custom abortion essay

There’s been an incredible rise in the number of online bought essays.
It might be a university paper and many other papers; you might find numerous online businesses that can write an essay for you including all of your guidelines.
Should you be looking to get a custom essay paper then you might hire a writer on such web sites as well.
Each on-line order/project of the essay features a set cost that is decided from the web site both around the foundation of the number of phrases created or the kind of a particular content.
The guidelines will have to be supplied by the client in addition to a deadline.
Most of the service providers even have the facility to possess a chat using the writers online to explain to them even better regarding your requirements.
You may discover also a freelance writer who will write essays online for you.

This services of purchasing online company could have implications.
College essays for sale The main reason for writing an essay at college or academy is in introducing college students with study creating and for creating their writing skills.
Current reports have suggested that college students occasionally get cheated regarding the content in their tasks.
It�s a profitable option to have essays online to buy however the aftermath might be dangerous when the source isn’t reliable. Consequently, to buy essays online, only the reliable websites with a panel of specialists, should be chosen.
Hope, you’ll select the only most reliable web site to buy essays online when you will require to rent an authority: our website.

Essay Against Abortion- The most Written and Essential Medical Subject

One of the most impactful sins a human being can dedicate is taken into account as an abortion.
Nobody can negate the importance of human lifestyle.
Consequently, there is an abundance in each educational and healthcare essays about abortion.
Pro-abortion essays are 1 from the hottest essays among the medical college papers.
Preparing a custom abortion essay isn�t as easy as defining the definition.
You will find numerous hours of study 1 must perform prior to writing an abortion college essay.

Same Day Essay Is essential: Why?

If it is possible to stretch the deadline for a little time, we can also avail a services called as next day essay services.
As the name indicates, this services takes one day to articulate the essay in a more refined type.
Thus the writer could do better study and edit completely the post. But the cheapest service is making an prolonged deadline.
But within the situation of unexpected emergency, it�s much better not to think about money but the speed of formulation, regardless of the very fact the services companies may improve the costs.
So, based on this information, the most affordable option doesn�t imply the very best one. Thanks to many on-line agencies that help you in essay writing, the competitors tends to make the value to come down of course.

It’s been said for ages and ages to come that greater than anything in this globe will be the really worth of your time.
Subsequent deadlines is especially important when you’re distributing your works for a law college, healthcare school, MBA or any professional college functions.
It is possible that the paper you have written doesn�t be up to standards shared by your establishment.
This really is where the one should search for other indicates to obtain their essay.
Same working day essays usually are asked for by customers if the paper should be done within a brief timeframe.
When there is a time constraint for a consumer to submit an essay, the role of exact same working day essays arrives into play.
You will find on-line solutions that will create you an essay in a day.
This largely depends upon the word rely from the essay.
Therefore, it should be our top priority to decide on a service that�s credible like to obtain the occupation carried out.
Help with Dissertation Writing Same day essays won�t come as inexpensive as these with a breathable deadline.

The transformation of via the internet writing products and services

Custom Writing Services

Crafting products and services are mandatory by all of us. Be it a student, an attorney, a researcher or perhaps a businessman. Producing an essay specifications right basic research and commitment consistent with the kind of essay an individual has decided to put in writing on. For all those persons, there are custom writing services which deal with a wide array of crafting solutions.It could actually be articles or blog posts for commerce or essays for students it is there for everyone. Provide the topic for essay composing for the pupils and they really need to post these essays throughout the deadline. The truth is college students are increasingly being burdened with essays, despite the fact that they’d not acquired right coaching in essay writing.

By receiving the essay penned by specialists, the scholars themselves can grasp the impact of producing superior quality essays and therefore boosting their knowledge much too. The sheer versatility and reliability of via the internet producing solutions have designed more and more folks use their companies on the day to day foundation. Any time you transpire to always be a university university student, then tutorial creating arrives being a job of investigation. Suitable pointers on the shopper should be specified to some writer to produce a customized essay.

Internet based composing providers have appear a lengthy way from just composing a particular articles and other content. Now, superior levels of investigate and proofreading are done by using the net creating products and services.
They have skilled gurus to generate and test the specified subject matter thereby making the project extra completely unique and illustrated.

Essay Writing Service

Students got tutorial composing assignments from their academics, and it will be particularly complex and time-consuming plan to put in writing tutorial assignments. Let�s get to know who entails research papers.

  • Medical related learners and university college students
  • Scientific scientists
  • Observe down the main element details which you find relevant all through the basic research process
  • After you have the subject material you should have, organize them within an helpful way

College student normally scared as a result of plagiarism situation but when you use academic crafting company, you do not be required to stress about the plagiarism and fine quality of written content considering their group of analysts will furnish you 100% one of a kind educational subject material soon after in-depth explore. It produces the original statement that you choose to have documented in or gathered from various sorts of sources. Using the net creating solutions make it easier to get ready custom written papers. They really are organized by qualified industry experts. Do not be reluctant to buy research papers from by going online crafting services to own a worthy homework.

Essay writing service

Immediately publish a book review or ebook report

It is usually a activity where by you need to know the elements of the e book. It will require time to create a e-book report merely because to jot down a book review or report first you need to read all the guide. Learners are to put in writing e book experiences on their respective topics. This makes pupils study the book and create concerning the book inside their way. This embraces the creativeness with the small children. But occasionally there will certainly be a confusion regarding how to development your report. They’ll guide you and help you clearing up the misperception and provide you with precious tricks. You can still get the help of such consultants and give a full overview of the e book.

Books have a long lasting perception on citizens.
A book review tend to be an feeling, summary or scholarly study. Writing book reviews is not really an easy chore. Writing book reviews differs from writing a book. When an writer writes a book, he transforms his creativeness thru words. It is rather time intensive, and you have to end looking through the total ebook. You have to have a broader views strategy when writing a book report.

Research Papers

Research papers tend to be the basis in the new thesis and necessary tons of basic research operate. Your teacher can inquire you to produce a research paper on any subject from background, clinical, language, and so forth.
It could possibly be on any subject like athletics, training, society, pollution, wildlife, pcs, tv, politics, plus much more.
When college students are assigned groundwork paperwork, they get baffled given that they never contain the expertise to jot down this kind of kind of research papers. When a human being assigns with essays on any issue to them, then they finished it in the offered timeframe. These are developed without grammatical faults and so are based mostly on specifics.

The net composing services also consider academic writing services that happen to be requested by pupils, home business specialists, or even just lecturers. You could hire on the net writing products and services to prepare you Custom written papers. Apart from that, you could potentially also get an editor who will do the final examining so ensure that you will get a sophisticated document. In the event you buy research papers from custom writing service organizations, you will get clearly researched, plagiarism absolutely free and high-quality research papers devoid of any problem. To stop the issues in superior educational essays, you’ll be able to look at our website and render their providers.

college coursework

Most popular college coursework to get

College coursework necessities a good deal bigger levels of groundwork than that of school training course is effective. These increased amounts of groundwork is usually overwhelming for students who definitely have no prior encounter creating coursework. But over the internet custom writing service enterprises designed this activity basic for college students. It’s possible to get any coursework from these businesses in no time.

More beneficial coursework for considerably better grades

Coursework writing is like explore essay writing but in coursework pupil don’t seem to be demanded to accomplish the deep researching over the topic. Instructors assign coursework for their pupils making sure that they will learn new tasks. Coursework can feature experiments, exploration, essay, e book reports, dissertations, etc. order dissertation online could possibly get some times to complete the coursework for the reason that coursework writing is fairly difficult and time-consuming get the job done. A very well drafted coursework fetch brilliant marks which will help the students to acquire excellent grades. It is usually assigned by lecturers but to obtain superior coursework you will need to jot down it considering the full know-how on the matter.
They will grant a high-quality job that can manage to add some added marks in your own end result.

Hard Drive Failure Statistics at Google Tasty Research

Hard Drive Failure Statistics at Google, Tasty Research

Tasty Research

Hard Drive Failure Statistics at Google

Statistics about hard drives from Google’s data centers were published in USENIX, showing how different variables affect the failure rate of hard drives. AFR is “Annual Failure Rate”.

The older drives may be failing more simply because they are a less advanced batch.

Low, medium, and high specify the usage.

Surprisingly, 35-45 degrees C is the sweet spot for hard drives. Colder temperatures actually cause them to fail more.

SMART will catch about half of hard disk failures before the happen, but many drives will fail without any warning.

Pinheiro, E., Weber, W., & Barroso, L. (2007). Failure Trends in a Large Disk Drive Population. Proceedings from FAST ’07: USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies, 5. [PDF]

Post navigation

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

I’ve never had any problems with hard drives. Well except for that one time when I accidentaly erased 40gb of data. But that was my fault.

Oh man, this explains a lot. I’ve been doing some overclocking lately and for that, I had to exchange your regular radiators with something with a bit more punch. I might have overdone it, with all of this on the room temperature starts going down!

But at least now I know why my hd died. ..

Thanks a lot for this information! it is very useful

Interesting facts 😉 thank’s for sharing.

Hey there! Would you mind if I share your blog with my facebook

group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content.

Please let me know. Many thanks

Thanks designed for sharing such a fastidious opinion,

article is fastidious, thats why i have read it fully

With havin so much content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation?

My blog has a lot of unique content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but

it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my

agreement. Do you know any ways to help reduce content from being ripped

off? I’d truly appreciate it.

Hi, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues.

When I look at your website in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet

Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!

Other then that, excellent blog!

I’m gone to convey my little brother, that he should also pay a quick visit this webpage on regular basis to obtain updated from most recent news

I’ve been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or blog posts on this kind

of space . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this site.

Reading this information So i am satisfied

to exhibit that I have an incredibly good uncanny feeling I found out just what I needed.

I so much undoubtedly will make sure to do not put out of your mind

this web site and provides it a glance regularly.

Gotwka takto nebankovní úvěry pro špatné úvěry a celkovou částku hospody peněžní America takto nebankovních

půjček pro úvěrové zwycizcw Zych tábora. let i 4000

bez 4 000 PLN splacení do 1 měsíce peníze na již účet do 15 minut.

Credit gotwkowe gotwkowe kredit: RÚ gotwkowy

gotwka zabezpečit poukázky kreditní karty, investiční bankovnictví.

If you purchase a sink that is too big for that house or even too tiny for it, a

tiny kitchen transforming project could flip into a reasonably massive one.

All they require is a quick pass-over with a damp sponge.

Other smaller units or refrigerators can be added to store other food, cooked or

Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this site.

Reading this information So i am satisfied

to exhibit that I have an incredibly good uncanny feeling I found out just what I needed.

I so much undoubtedly will make sure to do not put out of your mind

this web site and provides it a glance regularly.

Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this site.

Reading this information So i am satisfied

Counting the cost of graduation day – Tutorhub Blog

Counting the cost of graduation day – Tutorhub Blog

Counting the cost of graduation day

Over the past few nervy weeks students the length and breadth of the UK have come to the end of an anxious wait as GCSE and A-level results are revealed.

Those A-level students achieving the results they needed will, in the coming months, be setting of into the unknown where their futures will be forged in the fiery world of university life.

The costs associated with university study are well known to all – seemingly on an unstoppable upward curve with fees topping £9000, a rental market on the up and the cost of living a far cry from the halcyon days of chez mum and dad.

After three years of hard partying, hard bread and hard graft most will come out the other end with letters after their name and a world of opportunity at their feet, having a final send off at the much-anticipated graduation ceremony; a chance for generations of family to come together, celebrate and share in your proudest academic achievement to date.

It might seem cynical, then, that many universities charge per head for students’ nearest and dearest to attend the graduation ceremony. After all, graduation day should surely be a celebration of the hard work and achievement of both university and student, the culmination of a three-year partnership where the mutual hard work on both sides is recognised and rejoiced. A great number of students relied on the support of their families for those three years, should they really be asked to dip into their pockets one final time?

Students attending graduation ceremonies will often have family coming from far flung towns and cities incurring petrol and accommodation costs. Then there are the gowns (on average £40), the photos (ranging from 20 – £200) and all the other extras (balls, parties etc).

Nottingham Trent University, for example, charge guests £25 per head – that’s £50 straight off the bat for parents alone. Added to the associated costs set out above (not to mention three years worth of support and bail outs), graduation day can have a nasty sting in the tail.

I understand there are overheads – marquee hire, VIP scroll disher-outer (technical term), but £25 per head? Nah. Squeezed students and parents could rightly feel their last pip just got popped.

My advice is that when studies are over, don’t ditch the budgeting until graduation day is done.

A handful of tips for graduation day frugality

* Ok, you risk looking like a bit of a party pooper but check your university’s policy book – not all make it compulsory for you to wear the flowing gown and silly hat.

* If the thought of striding along the stage in jeans and a t-shirt is just too much to bear, remember that most universities have different departments graduating on different days. Find a friend or two from other courses, get your heads together and split the cost of the robe rent.

* Find someone who’s from the same area as you and organise a car share or minibus hire for your rellies. Divide the cost of that pricey petrol.

* Get talking to arty types at your uni – you’ll find that photography students are more than willing to take fantastic photos for you at a much better price. Support your own and they’ll support you!

Do you like this post?


On Twitter

Join the Tutorhub Social Community

Social Connection

Popular Posts

From the archives